Wednesday, 9 March 2011

Seminar Raw Notes - Hegel

Hegel

* Although he criticised Kant, his system could never have arisen if Kant's hadn't existed
* End of the 19th century - Leading philosophers were largely Hegelian
* Hegel stated that the real is rational, and the rational is real

The whole, in all its complexity, Hegel calls "the absolute"

Through relentless change, we become the absolute. We get there, as a race, through the dialectic process. An entity which encompasses everything - e.g. God. We move this way because of a spirit where we will eventually become absolute. The Zeitgeist is helping us take this journey.

* The absolute is spiritual

"Reason is the conscious certainty of being all reality"

What is the Zeitgeist? A sense of the time. Right now, for example, the Zeitgeist is revolution. Permeates every aspect of culture. Hegel believes this dialectic process is guided by Zeitgeist. Hegel is all about change. This explains why he has certain views on war and conflict. Change is good in terms of dialectic.


[ The Philosophy of History ]


* "The state is the actually existing realized moral life"
* The state is an individual, each state is independent as against the others
* The purpose of the state is not to merely uphold the life and property of the citizens
* He is opposed to the creation of institutions. (e.g. world government) because it would help prevent war!
* War is good - The condition in which "we take seriously the vanity of temporal goods and things"
* Conflicts of states can only be decided by war


[ Hegel's Doctrine of State ]


* Justifys internal tyranny and external aggression

Hegel's view - We can only know reality when we have completely mastered the appearances since the appearances (phenomena) partially hide and partially reveal reality.

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