WINOL: Features Archive

At the age of just 15, Paul Blackburn was wrongfully imprisoned for 25 years. Presented, edited and produced by Tom Morgan.

Media Law - Year Three Notes Archive

A collection of posts looking at media law, including tips for journalists, case examples and information on the various codes of conduct. Click here for more.

American Election 2012 - US Embassy Report

Myself, Lee Jarvis, Sam Sheard and Kirsty McDonagh spent the evening at the US Embassy as part of WINOL's coverage of the 2012 American election.

Work Experience: The One Show

This blog post serves as a summary of what I got up to during my time at the BBC and also provides some information on how the One Show is run.

Work Experience: PC Advisor

After breaking up from University for the summer, I arranged two separate work experience placements to keep me occupied over the break. The first of these placements was at PC Advisor in London.

Work Experience: Basingstoke Gazette

After breaking up from University for the summer, I arranged two separate work experience placements to keep me occupied over the break. The second of these placements was at the Basingstoke Gazette.

HCJ Notes Archive: Year One and Year Two

A collection of lecture notes, seminar papers and seminar summaries from Year One and Year Two on the HCJ course at the University of Winchester

Monday, 27 February 2012

WINOL Monday Debrief Notes - 27/02/2012

  • The scripting needs work. Some of the links were too short
  • We need some really good lead stories
    * Keep the scripting simple. We don't want commas!
    * Issues with subject and verb agreement. Dangling clause issues
    * Long expo without a graphic is now banned
    * Facts in your voice, comment in their voice
    * At the end of the stories, throw them into the future


    * Need better quotes in the headlines
    * Lou's headline shot was very poor
    * Richard Burton disliked the Lego headline


    * In terms of the written pieces, stay away from innuendo
    * Don't ask questions in the headlines of the articles
    * Formula - Function first!
    * Para 1: Who, What, Where, When. Next para: 'The move follows..'
    * Strong quotes in the articles are still lacking
    * The article pictures aren't good enough at all.
    * Ideally, you want to have faces in your article pictures
Lou – Education:
  • A great grab from the interviewee
    * Lots of exposition. Not ideal for TV
    * A graph was needed to help viewers cope with the figures you were describing
    * Don't say '50%'. You can just say 'about half'
George – Court:
  • “Don't ever do a court report without pictures”
  • Be there at the moment
  • No picture = The story gets dropped
    * The story would work better as an article
Hettie – Drought:
  • We heard the water, so we needed to see it
  • Before you go out, think about the shots you want to get
    * Should be walking in your piece to camera
    * Your second shot with you on camera was very well framed
    * Interview is also well framed
    * The flash graphic sequence is very well done
Dan - Energy Homes:
  • The link was too short
  • Needed more exterior shots
  • The shape of the outside of the house would have made it more obvious that the house was unique
    * Too much exposition
    * Well framed piece to camera, although it could have been tighter
    * 'The council believe'. Don't say believe, say 'said'.
    * Ian Tait interview - Eye line is slightly too low
    * Ending line - "The future looks green for Winchester" - This is comment. Stay away from this
Graham – Parking:
  • The link didn't reflect the story
  • A good package overall, though
Flick – Lego:
  • A great package
  • Love the cheesiness
  • Would have been good if you could have given viewers a better idea of the scale of the project
    * You don't use a drop intro in news. This is more suited to features
    * We could have heard about Duncan's Job in your voice
Guest Editor Feedback:
  • Good build up to the bulletin
  • Liked the assertiveness in the gallery
  • School image of the road – Boring
  • The MP had a 'killer quote', though. Well done
  • The wording of the lego story was questionable
Lou – Education:
  • The whiteboard shot wasn't good, took too long and it didn't fit in the piece
  • Straplines were slightly too quick
George – Court:
  • Tom's tag on the board shouldn't have been as vague
  • It was unclear that you were stood in front of a law court
Hettie – Drought:
  • The shots were slightly too quick at points
  • Liked the images at the end of the piece
Dan – Energy Homes:
  • The cartoon at the end of the piece wasn't explained
Graham – Parking:
  • Scripting issue - “Travel / transport reporter”
  • The images showed coins yet the story was about phone payment
  • Didn't get a sense of where the problem was
  • Needed more explanation
Flick – Lego:
  • What is a lego expert?
  • Very well filmed - “Superb”
  • Lacked a big impact – You didn't get a true idea of how big the structure will be

Saturday, 25 February 2012

Modern Mathematics, Logic and Language - Seminar Summary

The earliest examples of number systems came from apes and stone age tribes. The systems adopted at this point in time were fairly basic, consisting of 'one thing', 'more than one thing' and 'many things'. Later on, the Greek and Roman systems for counting depended entirely on numeral symbols and did not contain zero. In these systems, one was not regarded as a number, either. Interestingly, most people will identify up to 8 objects in a group before having to consciously count them out. 

Bertrand Russell famously stated that there are the same amount of even numbers as there are whole numbers. There is a clear link here with the concept of infinity. If there are an infinite amount of numbers, then this proposition must be correct. In his book, 'The History of Western Philosophy', Russell explains this hypothesis in further detail, writing: "Whatever finite number you mention, there are evidently more numbers than that, because from 1 up to the number in question there are just that number of numbers, and then there are others that are greater". Russell defined number, in general, as 'the class of classes similar to a given class'.

Above: An ancient Babylonian mathematical tablet

The concept of zero (or nothing)originally came from India and much later via Islam. The thought behind the figure is that zero is nothing, which is something. This means that zero is nothing and something at the same time. From a philosophical standpoint, however, 'nothing' is an absurdity.

Number systems have always had a close link with the concept of magic. Numbers were seen as a type of magic as the numbers were free floating, perfect platonic forms, attributed with these unexplainable properties. Even today, for example, people have an idea of what they see as a 'lucky' or 'unlucky' number.

It's worth mentioning Frege when it comes to mathematics and logic. Frege developed a system of propositional logic and also saw logic as a discipline that sorted out good inferences from bad inferences. Frege felt that philosophers stuck in empiricist tradition had confused logic with psychology. He worked on making it easier to understand the structure of language, sentences and propositions. Frege felt, for example, that every sentence was made up of two parts: The function (the first part of the sentence) and the argument (the second part of the sentence). 

Russell wrote about Frege and his logical theory, writing: "From Frege's work it followed that arithmetic, and pure mathematics generally, is nothing but a prolongation of deductive logic". Frege felt that epistemology had a fundamental role in philosophy, also stating that when syntax errors were avoided, philosophical problems were solved or shown to be unsolvable.

Frege's work was developed by Russell and Alfred North Whitehead, who wrote Principia Mathematica. The book was released in three volumes in 1910, 1912 and 1913 and aimed to explore the subject of formal logic. It was written as a means of popularising modern mathematical logic and to this day remains one of the most influential texts on logic ever written.  

We now come to Peano's Axioms. Peano, born in 1858, was interested in defining natural numbers in terms of sets . He published his ideas in 1889 in a book titled 'Arithmetices principia, nova methodo exposita' and these were later developed in Principa Mathematica. His axioms were as follows:

1) Zero is a natural number. The 'number' zero can be used to count.

2) X = X. Every number is its own equivalent. (If A is a number, the successor of A is a number)

3) Every natural number has a successor number (Implies numbers are an infinite series)

4) There is no natural number whose successor is zero. (Negative numbers are not real i.e they cannot be used for counting)

5) (Induction axiom) If the successor of N is equal to the successor of M, then N is equal to M for all numbers in all series

John Stuart Mill was a British philosopher born in 1906. He was an empiricist whose system of logic fell into two principles parts: formal logic and the methodology the natural and social sciences. Mill felt that maths was derived from experience and was also associated with the idea of nominalism. Nominalism was the name given to a two-name theory of the proposition. The theory that a proposition is true if and only if subject and predicate are names of the same things. All names denote things. In logic, however, connotation is prior to denotation.

Mill also discussed inference, the term given to the act of drawing conclusions from what is assumed or known to be true. There are two kinds of inference: Real and verbal. Real inference is when we infer to a truth. It is a truth which is not already contained in the premisses. Knowledge of the language alone, in this instance, is enough to allow us to derive the conclusion from the premise. The second type is called verbal inference, which brings us no further knowledge about the world.

During the seminar we discussed the link between infinity and mathematics. We mentioned the Mandelbrot set, a fragmented geometric shape that is infinitely complex. The term came from Benoit Mandebrot in 1975 and described the fractal, which is made by 'copying an altering an input image' The set itself is obtained from the quadratic recurrence equation: . I personally found the video above an interesting watch and feel that It's a nice way of linking to Russell's views of infinity.

Friday, 24 February 2012

WINOL Review - 22/02/2012

Week 4 at WINOL was a strong one. We were missing three reporters from the news team and as a result we were under alot of pressure to produce some stories to bulk out the bulletin. I think that considering the situation we did a good job. We still, however, don't have enough hard hitting, genuinely engaging news stories. I'm confident that we can take the feedback from Richard Burton and use it to make next weeks bulletin much better.

Before I go on, news reporters please take note of these messages:

1) Next week Eddie will be presenting sport because of his shoulder. I'll be presenting the news. As we now know who's presenting, there's no excuses for those not doing so to hand in a package.

2) We need to have a draft of your links on Tuesday evening at the latest. This means we can have a draft of the script written up sooner and this makes things much easier on the day of the bulletin.

In terms of individual feedback:


Your story this week was strong, but once again you're taking too long to edit your packages together. I can't remember a week where you haven't still been editing on the day of the bulletin. You had your interviews done and dusted on Monday which I thought was very impressive, but I couldn't understand why you didn't collect your GV's on the Tuesday and hand the package in on the same evening. I don't want you editing on Wednesday this week!

You got some great grabs from your interviews, as Richard Burton pointed out. As was discussed in the debrief, it's a shame you were unable to get some better shots of the school. Your opening shot, which is meant to be the strongest of the package, was a little dull. Me and Ewan also had to edit some of your shots slightly as some of the people you were filming were easily identifiable. The shots of the whiteboard went on slightly too long, too. I do, however, think it's great you were trying to be more creative with your shots this week. Your interviews were also well framed this week, too.


I know you were feeling very ill this week, George, so I was impressed that you still managed to put together a court report. You looked confident in your piece to camera and did well to get the picture of the taser. In the debrief on Wednesday it was decided by Angus that in future court reports without a good selection of pictures will not be included in the bulletin. It's a shame you couldn't get a mugshot but I think you did well to explain the story.


I liked your package on the Hampshire drought. I thought there were some nice pictures in the package. It's a shame that your piece to camera in the river didn't come out very clear. As a viewer it was hard to tell that you were actually in the river, as your feet weren't in shot. The reveal should have zoomed out further to reveal more. Luckily your footage was somewhat salvageable but remember in future weeks to take into account lighting levels before filming. I thought the graphics in the piece were well done, especially the two comparative ending pictures.

I also thought you did a great jo presenting the news after it was decided you wouldn't be doing the sport this week.


Your package on the eco-homes had some nice shots, but I don't think you ever truly knew what angle you were going for. I think the fact you managed to get shown around the properties showed good persistence on your part. Your piece to camera was nice, although I think it would have been better to have positioned yourself where the houses were in clear view behind you. A good package overall, though. Well done.


I thought your package on the parking was a nice, local story. I liked the close up shots of the parking machine as you were taking the money out. You could have just filmed a generic road but instead you got a little creative with your shots. Your interview with Stephen Godfrey was well framed and your piece to camera was delivered well. You have a good voice for telling a story too. I also liked the shot of you walking and talking with Kelsie Learney. None of the other reporters have attempted that yet.


Your Lego package was nicely done. There were some good, creative shots there. You got some good feedback from Richard Burton after the bulletin had gone out. I particularly liked the shot of you holding the Lego microphone. I thought it was a nice tongue in cheek way of developing the story. Angus pointed out that it would have been great if you could have included some shots to give viewers an idea of the scale of the project. A great week overall, though. I was looking at your blog and noticed you're determined to get a story into the bulletin that isn't a court report or an 'and finally'. I think next week you should aim for a good, balanced package that can go towards the top of the bulletin board.

Tuesday, 21 February 2012

WINOL Review - 15/02/2012

Week 3 at WINOL was a hectic one, but we managed to get some nice packages into the bulletin. Although this week was very 'housing heavy', there were noticeable technical improvements from previous weeks. I've also uploaded the Monday debrief notes onto the blog, so if you want more technical advice that post is worth a look. You can access that HERE.

In terms of individual feedback:


Your story on the NHS reform was interesting, but again there were some problems with how you were positioning your interviewees. I think you have a good scripting voice. You speak clearly and it makes the story easier to understand. We were told in the debrief that from now on we are to film our interviews using the manual settings on the camera. You were out filming an interview at this point, so remember this for next week. Try and get used to using the manual mode on the camera because it's far more versatile that auto.

There were some nice quotes in your first interview with Martin Tod, let down slightly by the fact you had positioned him in front of a brick wall. In the future try and film your interviews at more relevant / interesting locations, because it makes your overall piece look much better. I thought you did well to organise the interviews on time. You've been very consistent with this so well done.

I'm aware that it's difficult to come up with shots when you've covering political stories, but try and stay away from 'guilty building' footage. Your piece to camera was also good. Maybe to mix things up you could try a walking piece to camera next week?


I thought the prayers package was good as a whole, but there were some shots that let you down slightly.

As with Lou's package, there were many 'guilty building' shots, which is a shame, but in saying that I still liked what you tried doing with your opening shot. It was a clever idea to begin with a close up shot of the hands. In the debrief it was mentioned that if you're going to start with an out of focus shot, you should make sure that it moves into focus before you cut away.

I'm also going to tell you not to put fade transitions into your packages anymore. They're more 'featurey' than they are 'newsey'. Although I've mentioned the fact you had too many shots of buildings, I thought the pull focus on the clock face was a nice, arty shot.

In terms of scripting, make sure you say: "George Berridge, Winchester News Online" in your outro, instead of: "This is George Berridge for Winchester News Online". Also, try and end with a descriptive line other than a line that leaves the whole situation hanging in the air in the same way 'only time will tell' would.

A good package overall, though, with some good interviews. Well done on getting Beckett into the bulletin.


Your court report this week was very good. I thought it was very impressive that you managed to remember your script without looking down at your notepad. It made the story more engaging and you managed to report on a genuinely interesting case from court. It's a shame you weren't able to get some images to show over your PTC, but nonetheless I thought you did well to talk without pausing. The script was both well written and well delivered.


You made it very difficult for yourself following up the housing story, but I thought you did a good job with what was a fairly weak story.

Chris Pines gave some nice quotes which added to the package, but he wasn't positioned very well. Obviously, I came with you to film this interview and I'm aware that there wasn't really anywhere else to position him. It would probably have been worth quickly walking him elsewhere to film the interview. Thanks to Dan for lending you an interview clip with Ian Tait. He had some good knowledge of the subject that added to the package.

The shots for the package were limited which was tough for you. You did, however, have some good panoramic camera angles.


I thought it was great that you managed to get a quick interview clip with Tim Craven, the lead curator at the gallery. It's a shame that your shots of the picture itself were unclear at points, but I'm aware that it was difficult to get a good shot when the light was hitting the wall. It would possibly have been better to use a higher quality still image of the picture, but for an OOV the painting piece was good.


It was my mistake to put this OOV in the bulletin, so I wont go into too much detail over the technical issues. Thanks for heading down to the event, anyway. It was good that you managed to speak to the Mayor.


I know you were desperate to get your package into the bulletin, but you came across slightly rude when you were telling me to put it in on Wednesday. I'm fully aware that you want to show off what you've done, but a package that's still being edited at 2pm on a Wednesday is very hard to slot in.

Anyway, it got in.There were some technical problems and the statement sequence was slightly dull, but overall I think you did well with the story. Your piece to camera was well delivered but in the debrief it was mentioned that the fact you were holding the gun mic in full view was slightly distracting. You had some good sequences, too.

Although presenting balance in a story is very important, try to avoid statements in the future if you can.


I thought the brewery story was a great way of rounding off the bulletin. You had some nice shots tucked into the package and the interviewee was fun to watch. There was too much information in the opening line, though. Remember that the package needs to be fully understandable on the first listen.

You framed your shots well, although some of the GV's were too shaky. Although the interview and the piece to camera were filmed on a tripod, the GV's weren't.

I thought you did very well to get the action shots. It gives the audience something interesting to watch whilst you played the audio from the interview. It was mentioned in the debrief that it would have been great to have had a pint in the last shot. Overall, a great 'and finally' piece.

Satre's Preface to 'The Wretched of the Earth' by Fanon - Seminar Summary

For this seminar post, I will be looking at Existentialism and will also study Satre's preface to The Wretched of the Earth by Fanon.

Existentialists believe that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject. There is a focus on the 'acting, living and feeling' human individual. Kierkegaard is a key figure in the world of Existentialism, described by many as one of the most influential minds with a connection to the movement. He was a Danish writer known for his publications that explored themes such as psychology, theology and philosophy. When Kierkegaard referred to 'existence', he specifically meant human existence, as opposed to God, for example. This was one of the reasons why Kierkegaard's name is heavily linked to Existentialism. For Kierkegaard, a prominent human characteristic was the concept of free choice.

The preface to Fanon's text by Sartre begins with a discussion of how colonisers from Europe carried out their civilising mission and also what the outcomes of these actions were. It creates a comparison between 'natives' and 'men', pinpointing what it is that sets these groups apart. Sartre describes the uprising of the natives, writing: 'The 'civilized' native, who had learnt to echo his masters voice, finally led to the independent individual who disregarded the European civilisation and wouldn't mind taking up arms, when necessary, against his oppressor".

The Wretched of the Earth was published in 1961 

Sartre explores the disadvantages of Western culture and its stranglehold over the people. He writes: "In the colonies the truth stood naked, but the citizens of the mother country preferred it with clothes on". Men poisoned by the Western World and its controlling nature were living a lie, Sartre was pointing out. Unlike the natives, they do not live as their true selves. Instead, their values are shaped and controlled. Sartre explains the issue well when he states: "They stuffed their mouths full of high-sounding phrases, grand glutinous words that stuck in their teeth". Men were altering themselves in order to follow cultural expectation, which meant they were ultimately living as someone they weren't.

The colonisers were brutal by nature. Sartre explains how the colonisers made an effort to wipe out native culture and traditions, to substitute them with their own, writing: "Attempts were made to create a rootless native who belonged to nowhere in particular". By destroying the natives sense of origin, they became easier to control and manipulate. It was far easier to shape a man if you could rebuild his values from the ground up. There is a link here between the actions of the colonisers and Locke's description of the 'blank slate', where the mind is moulded over time by the experiences it encounters.

The passage also explores the theme of revolution, with the writer pointing out that revolution is constantly in the making. "In order to triumph, the national revolution must be socialist", Sartre writes. He continues: "In those countries where Colonialism has deliberately held up development, the peasantry, when it rises, quickly stands out as the revolutionary class".

The key theme of the preface is oppression. In terms of Existentialism, the themes of the true self and culture moulding individuals has links with the natives as they come into contact with the colonisers. Satre goes into detail with regards to forced labour and slavery. When it comes to slavery, he states, there is no 'contract'. There must be intimidation from which oppression grows. This is the key to gaining control of the natives, and this is the way colonisers approached their task. They aimed to dehumanise the enslaved. If the native gave in to his capturers, he could not be considered a man at all. Shame and fear would break apart his character, and he would become a tool of the colonisers. The way in which the natives are taken over links the piece well to the theme of totalitarianism, which I discuss in THIS blog post.

Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the leading figures in 20th Century French philosophy

From the ruins of an enslaved native rises a true man ready to sacrifice himself for the cause of his nation. Once a man, a slave will look at himself as a tool. Satre likens a slave to a gun or a horsewhip in the preface, which is a good way of portraying the manner in which slaves are used as tools of the nation. The natives do not always go down without a fight, however, battling against those who Satre claims wish to make them 'beasts of burden'. Violence could be considered advantageous, however. When the natives rage boils over, he rediscovers his lost innocence.

Satre states that Fanon's work does not necessarily need a preface. He argues that he has merely written one to bring the argument to its conclusion, pointing out that Europe is being decolonised too. "The settler which is in every one of us is being savagely rooted out". There are different ways in which the coloniser strengthens his hold over the oppressed. In certain places, the mother-country will form a native bourgeoisie and give rise to different factions.

Satre is soon to highlight the fact that the peasant classes must hold power. Unlike the Bourgeoisie and the proletariat, they suffer the most. He describes the poor as the 'most revolutionary class', going on to support revolution as a concept. Such an action can reform a nation and prevents power from reaching the Bourgeoisie.

Monday, 20 February 2012

WINOL Monday Debrief Notes - 20/02/2012

  • 'However'
  • Shots of signs
  • 'Only time will tell'-esque ending pieces to camera
  • Fade transitions
  • No housing shots in the headlines
  • Lou: Tod in front of a brick wall. Boring
  • George: Guilty building in the headline
  • Eddie: Good, interesting shots
  • 'ambitious headlines, but very effective'
  • Issue with the football strapline
  • Visible marks on the camera, which ruins the quality of the shots
  • Start with actuality
  • You need to start with your best shots
  • No signs
  • “The script is possibly too dense”
  • End with something factual
  • The beginning is important to any story
  • In terms of what you say and in terms of picture, the most important things come first
  • Possibly a confusing story. Good political balance, however
  • 'The beginning to any story is crucial'
  • Balance issue. 2 elements to the story. Political debate and a health professionals debate
  • 'Wagers on' in the script. Not needed.
  • If you're going to start with an out of focus shot, make sure it moves into focus before you cut away
  • Guilty building
  • The shot of the arch was pointless
  • Maynard – A very 'white' interview. Never shoot an interview in auto
  • Fade transition – Not needed.
  • Beckett interview – Don't interview in front of a window. Causes lots of technical problems
  • The shots used to cover your interview edits seemed odd. Didn't fit with the piece
  • 'Remains unclear' – Don't do this in your ending piece to camera!
  • The statue shot isn't needed
  • “George Berridge, Winchester News online”, not “This is George Berridge for Winchester News online”
  • Good PTC
  • Did well to remember the script
  • 'A brave, long piece to camera'
  • Shots are limited
  • A complicated story
  • Script was well delivered
  • Framing in the second interview is good
  • Hard to understand the story
  • The cutaways were poor
  • Good, panoramic high level camera angles
  • The shots of the painting weren't clear enough
  • Interview grab with Tim Craven is well framed
  • Should have used a radio mic. There's an issue with background noise
  • The gun mic in the PTC was distracting
  • Good choice of sequences
  • Although presenting a balanced story is important, try to avoid statements in the future
  • The final shot goes on for too long
  • Opening line: “85 years ago...”
  • Too much information in the opening line
  • Needs to be understandable on the first listen
  • Some nicely framed shots
  • Some of the GV's were too shaky. Although the interview and PTC was filmed on a tripod, the GV's weren't
  • Great action shots
  • “It needed a pint of beer”. Would have been nice to see Eddie drink it.

Monday, 13 February 2012

WINOL Week 3 Monday Debrief Notes - 13/02/2012

  • Mike Smartt felt the site was slightly confusing to navigate.
  • There have been steps made recently to improve the site, though.
  • Article subbing issues.
  • Headlines need changing in some instances.
  • A hit B.
  • Next week – Grammar test. Hicks book issued with precision English lessons.
  • How to write a sentence” - Learn the logical structure.
  • Clever headlines needed.
  • Don't be too scared about using hyperbolic language.
  • Good to see the Twitter ticker being used, makes the site look more professional.
  • Again, it's important reporters update the WINOL Twitter with information relevant to their beat.
  • Is a separate features page needed?
  • Subject and verb must agree on plural.
  • The links are coming along well.
  • Still room for improvement, though.
  • Watch the news to see how reporters tell the story. Very important.
  • Headline captions are too big.
  • Don't necessarily need to have Sport as the last headline. Could be the 'and finally'.
  • The script's not quite 'sexy' enough!
Eddie – Redknapp:
  • Piece to camera starts with 'I'm here at..'
  • To all reporters: Never start a PTC like this.
  • If you stutter in a piece to camera, do it again.
  • Don't take second best. Put our your best version of your PTC that you're 100% happy with.
Dan – Sea City:
  • Good use of natural sound at the start of the package
  • The sequence was effective
  • Poor cutaway during the first interview clip
  • Need to use a tripod to steady the camera for the GV's
  • Needed to play abit more on the disagreement aspect of the story
  • A good effort
Lou – Brine:
  • A balance issue
  • There wasn't really a story here
  • Nothing to do with education in the package at all
  • Poor sound quality, bad GV's, poorly focused interview
Graham – Housing:
  • Guilty buildings!
  • 'Council IS', not the 'Council are'
  • The interview didn't really help explain the story well enough
  • Dull shots
  • It came across that you didn't truly understand the story you were trying to tell
  • Words matched the pictures
  • Good use of GV's
  • Some interesting names mentioned
Hettie – Bluestar Buses:
  • Empty bus in piece to camera – Looks odd
  • Good that you could see the card in the piece to camera
  • Needed some shots of passengers
Flick – Marwell:
  • A great first shot
  • Music not needed

Thursday, 9 February 2012

Existentialism / Preface to Frantz Fanon's "Wretched of the Earth" - Notes



* 1925 - 1961
* His writing is influential in the field/ Marxism
* "A radical existential humanist"
* Humanist - Practice that focuses on human values and concerns over divine and supernatural matters


* Philosophical thinking begins with the human subject
* "Not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual"
* Kierkegaard regarded as the father of existentialism
* You must overcome your facticity
* You can ignore everything except choice
* Facticity is given to us, not chosen. You can't control this
* Free will, choice
* Our 'true self'

Opening summary:

* "Preface beings with a discussion of how colonisers from Europe carried out their civilising mission"
* Describes what the outcomes were
* "The 'civilized' native, who had learnt to echo his masters voice, finally led to the independent individual who disregarded the European civilisation and wouldn't mind taking up arms, when necessary, against his oppressor".

The passage begins with a comparison between 'natives' and 'men'.

"In the colonies the truth stood naked, but the citizens of the mother country preferred it with clothes on" - Men living a lie, not being their true self. Western culture as an entity that is hiding the truth. Western culture shapes values, the natives create their own.

Western culture - "They stuffed their mouths full of high-sounding phrases, grand glutinous words that stuck in their teeth".

Those that have been touched by Western culture are 'walking lies'

Satre explains how the colonisers made an effort to wipe out native culture and traditions, to substitute them with their own. "Attempts were made to create a rootless native who belonged to nowhere in particular".

"In those countries where Colonialism has deliberately held up development, the peasantry, when it rises, quickly stands out as the revolutionary class".

"In order to triumph, the national revolution must be socialist" - Points out that revolution is constantly in the making.

The key theme of the preface is oppression. In terms of Existentialism, the themes of the true self and culture moulding individuals has links with the natives as they come into contact with the colonisers.

Satre admires Fanon, explaining how Fanon is the first since Engel "to bring the processes of history into the clear light of day".

Satre discusses forced labour and slavery:

* There is no contract. There must be intimidation from which oppression grows
* "Our soldiers overseas lay down the principle that the native is not one of our fellow-men"
* The colonisers aim to dehumanise the enslaved
* Wipe our their traditions, their language and their culture
* If he (the enslaved) gives in, he is no longer a man at all - Shame and fear will break apart his character.

"I do not say that it is impossible to change a man into an animal. I simply say that you wont get there without weakening him considerably. Blows will never suffice, you have to push the starvation further, and that's the trouble with slavery".

A man is born from the wreckage if a terrorised native. Ready to sacrifice himself for the cause of his nation. Once a man, a slave will look at himself as a tool. Satre likens a slave to a gun or a horsewhip.

The uprising of the natives:

* They become men because of the settlers
* The men they fight against wish to make them 'beasts of burden'
* "The half natives are still humans, through the power and the weakness of the oppressor which is transformed within them into a stubborn refusal of the animal condition".
* The different tribes fight between each other since they cannot face the real enemy

Violence is a good thing - When the natives rage boils over, he rediscovers his lost innocence and he comes to know himself in that he himself creates his self.

When a native is beaten, ill and terrified, he understands only the language of violence.

Satre states that Fanon's work does not necessarily need a preface. He argues that he has merely written one to bring the argument to its conclusion, pointing out that Europe is being decolonised too. "The settler which is in every one of us is being savagely rooted out".

There are different ways in which the coloniser strengthens his hold over the oppressed. In certain places, the mother-country will form a native bourgeoisie and give rise to different factions.

Satre is soon to highlight the fact that the peasant classes must hold power. Unlike the Bourgeoisie and the proletariat, they suffer the most. Satre describes the poor as the 'most revolutionary class'.

For Satre, the movement of revolution is a positive thing. It can reform a nation and prevents power from reaching the Bourgeoisie. The natives are in danger of losing their true identity.

WINOL Review - 08/02/2012

Mike Smartt's thoughts on this weeks bulletin.

Our second week at WINOL was certainly lacking in terms of hard-hitting news stories, but as an overall bulletin it was much better than last week.

It's extremely important that as reporters you're aware of just how important preparation is. If a story falls through, then you need to have a backup ready to go as soon as possible. I'm aware that a large number of your stories fell through this week, but ultimately this was due to a lack of balance and just generally a poor understanding of the story you were trying to cover. This wouldn't be the case with effective preparation, so lets hope next week we have a news meeting where everybody can pitch a solid, interesting story.

In terms of individual feedback:


You were abit of a hero this week, Eddie. I'm very glad that you and Nathan (thanks Nathan) headed down to London in search of some footage to piece together the Harry Redknapp story. I was extremely impressed with your efforts and in the end you managed to get particularly close to Harry as he gave his statement. You remained calm under pressure and knew the process you had to go through to ensure you had the footage needed for us to form a working news package back in the newsroom.

There were some issues our end with editing the footage together, but that was entirely down to upload speeds and wasn't your fault. The footage we got from you was brilliant. We had to alter the sound on the Harry Redknapp statement slightly as it was rather quiet but I was able to rip the sound from ITV's report and fuse it with your footage. During the debrief on Wednesday afternoon Mike Smartt was very complimentary. He said you did particularly well to arrive at the scene on time.

There was a slight issue with your piece to camera. Mike pointed out that the 'I'm stood outside..' at the start of the shot wasn't necessary. The way in which you delivered the script felt slightly rushed too, but obviously you were under very tight deadlines and I thought you did well to record what you did. A very strong week, Eddie!


I'm aware you had some more editing issues this week, Lou. I was annoyed that you had the Steve Brine footage since last week, but left it to Tuesday evening to edit it together. You only told me about the issues with the wind noise on Wednesday, which put me in a difficult position. If you had edited the footage sooner, perhaps we could have fixed the audio using Final Cut audio adjustments. I was right to shorten the piece because of this.

In saying this, I am impressed with your ability to arrange interviews week after week. You were particularly good at this during your last period as a reporter, too. In future we need some more exciting quotes from the people you're interviewing. Mike Smartt pointed out that your story wasn't really a story.

I'm going to suggest you practice abit more with the camera before you head out for your next interview. Make sure you nail lighting and the focus of the shots in your next package, because It'll make the stories you're producing look much more professional.


I know this was a hectic week for you, George. You came to me with an interesting campus story which eventually fell through. I thought you did well to come back from this to try and piece together a court story. Your court story wasn't able to go into the bulletin for legal reasons, but I think it's good you now have a clear idea of the process of gathering a story from court and shaping it for WINOL.

You were very helpful in piecing together the footage Eddie sent back from London, so thanks very much for that. It was great to have somebody helping to put the footage together. You were surprisingly calm about putting it together which was great.


You were disappointed with your original story idea falling through, but from that moment you became determined to get something else into the bulletin. In the end, you were the reason three of the stories got into the bulletin. You collected the footage for the Jamie Oliver OOV and the broadband OOV, which was very well done. Thanks to Dan for scripting them.

You also managed to turn your council housing OOV into a full story and even managed to arrange an interview at the last minute on Wednesday. You were able to get the package balanced and edit it together before lunch on Wednesday, which was impressive. It would have been great if you could have found some more interesting shots to bulk out the package, but obviously it was difficult to prepare something perfect last minute. I liked your use of sequences that played before Lucille's interview.


I thought your Marwell story was a nice way of ending the bulletin. I personally liked the use of music, but during the debrief you were told that you didn't need to make a 'cute' story even cuter. During Mike Smartt's feedback, he said that the music would have made the story feel out of place in a real news programme. He also said a vox pop would have been nice to add.

The shots you managed to get were nice. I particularly liked the shot of the Giraffe in the cold with its breath coming towards the camera. I also know you had some issues with the zoo keeper interview. Admittedly, he wasn't saying anything particularly emotive or interesting but you did well to salvage something from the interview captures.

Also, thanks for helping with Eddie's London footage!


It's a shame you couldn't find a story this week but to me you didn't seem very well prepared with a backup. Try and think ahead for next week.


I know you had alot of trouble with finding a story this week. As I said at the start of the blog post, the key is preparation. You don't need to make it hard for yourself, either. Find a story that involves a clear argument / disagreement between two parties. Fingers crossed you can find something for the next bulletin.


I thought your package this week was good. It was a little dull in terms of shots, but I'm aware that you were limited as you only had a construction site and artists impressions of the building to work with. I was impressed that you managed to reach Jeremy Moulton in such a short space of time and I thought he gave some good quotes. You're clearly confident with the camera because your interviews were well framed and your shots were in focus. I also thought the use of natural sound at the start of the package was effective.


I know you were disappointed you didn't make it into the bulletin last week, but I thought you did very well this time around. I thought the fact you got access onto the bus to film and were also able to show the driver explain the technology made the package look very well shot. Your piece to camera was good and you looked natural on screen. Your ability to use Final Cut to edit looked promising. As you put together more packages, this will obviously improve. You had a good week!

WINOL Dummy Week Monday Debrief Notes - 06/02/2012

  • Twitter makes the website look more professional
  • Grammar issues with the articles
  • Might be worth reading the book issued in conjunction with the precision English sessions
  • 'News trash' – Give It to Louis to include in his column
  • “News – True and interesting”
  • At news meetings: Is the story true? Is it interesting?
  • Use Twitter more – Reporters to tweet as they're out gathering stories
  • Basic grammatical errors in the articles. This needs to be fixed
  • “Subject, verb, object”
  • In News, eliminate all adjectives (In your voice)
  • Fact in your voice, comment in theirs
  • There shouldn't be articles with grammatical errors on the front page of the site. Reflects badly on everyone
  • Learn the 'case' of a sentence – Subject verb agreement. Research
  • “Essential English for Journalists” - Read.
  • Politics for beginners – Read. (See 'WINOL' folder)
  • Subject and verb must agree on plural, tense and case
  • Reporters: Obtaining genuinely interesting quotes is vital
  • The bulletin this week – What went wrong?
Bulletin Feedback:
  • 'Messy' intro graphics
  • The voice of God doesn't work for the bulletin
  • Student Scene Footage. Remember that we only use pictures if 1) We've made them ourselves 2) We've purchased them and the relevant licences
  • The issue of the Rock n' Roll sign. Any reasonable person could mistake the sign for a swearing V. Although the person wasn't swearing, why take the chance?
  • Scripting issues
  • As a Journalist, it's better to just avoid the use of adjectives
Eddie – Admissions
  • Link to Eddie's admissions story – Includes the word 'dramatic', but where's the evidence for this?
  • “I spoke to Tommy Geddes”. This doesn't work
  • Mention your sources when it comes to describing figures. e.g. 'UCAS figures show that..'
Louis – Supermarket
  • Issues with scripting. Words slightly confusing at points
  • Caroline Ford interview – Completely washed out
  • “Guilty river”
  • Good piece to camera
George – Freshers Week
  • Issues with the piece to camera
Graham – Housing
  • Good quotes from Interviewee
  • The scripting in the piece to camera is slightly too detailed
  • Didn't need the shot of the street light
Flick – Drugs
  • 'Lack of conviction' in the delivery of the story
  • The quote used in the story isn't great
  • Reconstruction sequence is very well done
Graham – Screenwriter
  • Guilty building shot
  • Needs more pictures of people
  • Good use of fair dealing
Uldduz – Wristbands
  • No issues with the use of archive footage. Our pictures – Good!
  • There needed to be a Winchester angle to the story
  • No connection with Winchester at all

Sunday, 5 February 2012

WINOL Review - 01/02/2012

Our 'dummy' edition of WINOL has been and gone. There were some good points to be proud of, but it wasn't a week without its issues.

I'm aware that some of the you were having issues with editing. Remember, if you're having issues with editing, it's easier to try and organise some training rather than to ask those around you on a Wednesday. You can organise training with the technicians on campus. Having to babysit someone on the day of the broadcast isn't helpful, particularly when we're all running on such tight schedules.

In terms of individual feedback:


I thought the admissions story was a nice way of starting the bulletin. I thought the camera feed from the newsroom looked surprisingly good. We were originally planning to find some graphics to help you present the story but obviously that didn't come through. You did a good job at presenting the story and highlighting the key figures. You spoke with clarity and looked comfortable in front of the camera too. It was tough having to come in on Wednesday knowing you had to finish the whole story before the deadline on the same day, but I think it went well.


Well done for arranging two interviews for the package. Having two clear sides to the argument you were presenting gave the package a more professional feel. I thought your shots let you down slightly. The framing on the interviews was questionable and one shot in particular springs to might. I'm referring to the shot of one of your interviewees where the lighting was completely overexposed. If this wasn't a dummy week, I would seriously have considered dropping the story completely. Try to get this problem sorted in the future. It might be worth getting some camera training so this doesn't happen again or at least taking another reporter along to your interviews. Your editing also needs work. We were lucky that Henry was free to help out on Wednesday, but really he shouldn't have had to help at all.


I liked the Freshers Week story. It was obviously a story that tied in well with our viewers and I think the way in which you presented the story was nicely done. Your transitions between shots are possibly more 'featurey' than 'newsy', though. Try not to get into the habit of using them over and over again. I liked the way you dressed up the quote with the blurred, moving background. I know you wanted to make the story longer but I think you did a good job of cutting down content to fit your allotted time in the bulletin.


I thought you did a great job considering it was your first time reporting. Both the stories you put together were good enough to put into the bulletin and your interviews were well framed. In your housing story, your piece to camera could have used some more work. It might have been worth making it clearer that you were stood by the neighbourhood set to be altered to the construction plans. In the Screenwriter story the interview was slightly out of focus, too. A good week for you overall, however.


I think your efforts at court paid off. You came to me with a description of a court case that was quite hard to get your head around with so many fine details. I think you did a good job of telling the story in a simple manner, cutting out the details that clearly weren't as relevant to the case. Your reconstruction sequence looked very professional, too. You spent the whole of Saturday outside trying to report on a story on homelessness, which wasn't used in the bulletin in the end. I thought your efforts to get a story were admirable. Fingers crossed the features team can do something with the footage you collected.


I thought you did a great job presenting considering it was your first attempt. At points you spoke quite quickly which made some of the script hard to understand, but I appreciate that you were nervous. I thought it was impressive you kept a cool head considering the instructions you were receiving from the gallery were rushed right until the moment we started broadcasting. Your OOV segment on the cathedral had some nice shots tucked into it.


I think your wristband story gave you more headaches than it should have done. Having to find shots for the segment was difficult, but I think the fact you managed to get the bands sent to you showed good effort. It's a shame you had to rely heavily on the archive footage. I know you were chasing some other stories earlier in the week, so well done for not giving up completely and instead choosing to do something with the wristband story. Hopefully next week you can get a full story into the bulletin.


I thought your first science and technology story for WINOL was a good one. I think the most impressive aspect about the story was the way in which you managed to obtain some underwater footage from one of the scientists subs. It was an interesting clip to watch and I think it slotted nicely into the bulletin headlines too. I know you were chasing up two stories at the same time which shows some great planning skills. There were some sound issues with the interview and the GV of the interviewee walking into his office was slightly blurry, but I think the underwater footage helped save the piece. You managed to describe fairly complex processes in an easy to understand form, too.


I know you were slightly disappointed you didn't make it into the bulletin, but you tried hard this week. Even though your water OOV didn't make it into the bulletin, it made me feel better knowing that if another OOV fell through I could use yours to fill the gap. From what I saw you did a good job of polishing up a slightly dull story with some nice, arty shots! Fingers crossed next week you can come through with a full story on the bulletin. I think now that you have a better idea of the process of putting together a story this will help you in the future.


It was an unlucky week for you, Rachel! I know you initially had the idea of doing a story on the leisure centre but that fell through. I didn't see you on Wednesday to discuss it so in future try and keep me updated on what you're doing as often as you can.

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